If you are new to Linux and it’s terminal, you might be wondering how to move around? I’ll show you how with some basic terminal commands.
Below I’ll list a few examples with comments denoted by #
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#Displays contents in folder ls # Changes Directory cd FOLDERNAME # Go up one directory cd .. # Go to your home directory cd # Make directory mkdir FOLDERNAME # Remove a file rm -- FILENAME # Copy a file cp ORIGINALFILE NEWFILE # Move a file mv SOURCE DESTINATION # Install Program in Ubuntu and other Linux Distros sudo apt-get install PROGRAMNAME # To run a program you usually specify the name, # if text editor, its usually name of program and # text file to create, if no file is specified, the text editor still opens. firefox emacs hello_world.cpp # Compile a program using g++ g++ hello_world.cpp # Execute program ./PROGRAMNAME
An example of finding help for a certain command is the following:
The man command will give you the manual page for a given command.
Example using the terminal
Let’s say we want to view the contents of a folder, create a folder called Example, create a text file using emacs, compile it, run it, and go back to our home directory. To do this, we would simply do the following.
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ls mkdir C++ cd C++ emacs hello_world.cpp g++ hello_world.cpp ./a.out cd
Yes there are numerous ways to achieve this, its just a matter of how you want to navigate the terminal.
If you feel another basic command needs to be here or need more help, simply drop in a line in the comments box! I’ll be sure to put it down.
Expect advanced terminal commands in the near future.